The so-called “war on terror” in the United States has displaced millions over the past two decades. According to a research report, at least 36 million people have been displaced in six countries in the last 20 years due to the war. The 30-page report was released by Brown University in Rhode Island, US on Tuesday as part of their Cost of War project.
On 11 September 2001, terrorists attacked the Pentagon and the Twin Towers. On the pretext of the attack, the then US President George W. Bush launched Operation Enduring Freedom, the eternal war on terror. That continuous war has spread from Afghanistan to Iraq, Pakistan, Yemen, Somalia, the Philippines, Libya and Syria.
This report, titled ‘Create Refugees: United States Post 9/11 Wars due to Displacement’, covers six countries involved in the American War on Terror. These countries are: Afghanistan, Iraq, Pakistan, Yemen, Somalia, Philippines, Libya and Syria.
David Wayne, professor of anthropology at American University at Washington University, DC, principal researcher on the report, told the New York Times:
The report did not consider the situation in Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Shad, Democratic Republic of Congo, Mali, Niger, Saudi Arabia and Tunisia, where the United States has limited counter-terrorism activities. If they are taken as the actual number of displaced people, there may be up to 59 million.
The report claimed that the US war on terror had increased by 1/11. According to him, after that incident, a kind of separation was created with the neighbors, the community and the entire social system of those countries. Researchers say that the United States is not the only country in the world where people are immigrating. However, war played an important role in the conflicts that led to their exodus.
Citing Iraq, the report noted that in 2003 there was communal conflict and displacement in the US-led country. However, there was communal harmony in the country. Shias, Sunnis, and other religious and ethnic groups lived together, worked together, and intermarried. After the American invasion, three major ethno-communal areas were created there. A growing self-identity was born among the Shiites, Sunnis and Kurds. American power has led to ethnic divisions in cities such as Baghdad.