China’s state media has expressed doubts about the implementation of the Beijing-Delhi five-point agreement. The article published in the Global Times stated that despite Beijing’s expectations and efforts to maintain a stable relationship, India’s position on the implementation of the five points is unclear. It has been claimed that at the behest of Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi, the country’s defense and foreign ministries have held different positions on the issue of resolving border tensions. Because of that, there is doubt as to whether the border tension will be reduced.
The opinion was published in the Global Times on 13 September under the title ‘After a high-level discussion on the boundary issue, the ball is now in the court of India’. The article, written by Qian Feng, director of the National Strategy Institute of Tsinghua University, is “easy to say, hard to do.” The five-point agreement reached is important. China and India have held several rounds of military and diplomatic talks since June to resolve border tensions. According to some experts, the statement of the Ministry of Defense is different from that given by the Indian Ministry of External Affairs. Will India implement the agreement; His position on it is not clear. ‘
The article also gives an example of India’s ambiguous situation. On the day of the meeting between Wang and Jaishankar (10 September), it was officially announced that the first batch of Rafale fighter jets would be added to the Indian Air Force. Indian Defense Minister Rajnath Singh said, “The involvement of such war planes is very important in the recent instability on the border.”
Qian Feng thinks that even though the Ministry of External Affairs and Ministry of Defense have expressed opposite views, they are doing so at the behest of the Modi government. Apparently, the Ministry of External Affairs is behaving positively to resolve the border tension, while the Ministry of Defense is behaving negatively. In fact the two ministries are working on the basis of coordination and using soft and rigid strategies at the same time. It will not be possible to issue a joint statement after the Delhi-Beijing Foreign Minister level meeting. Similarly, Rajnath Singh and Rafael did not speak at the ceremony.
The article stated that if India and China acted according to a joint statement or there were more contacts between high level leaders, it is possible to reduce the level of border conflict. Large-scale armed conflict or war situations could have been prevented.
The report claimed that China’s policy towards India has not changed. It is said that China does not consider India as an enemy. Rather, it seeks to strengthen mutual cooperation to stabilize bilateral relations with India. China wants to resolve its border dispute peacefully with India. However, Beijing is determined to protect its territory and its sovereign interests. And so they will not shy away from strengthening their defenses.