Protests began in Kyrgyzstan over vote rigging in parliamentary elections. The capital, Bishkek, was the biggest protest in the country after the election on Sunday (5 October). Protests have also taken place in several other major cities in the former Soviet Union. Sound grenades, police used tear gas and water cannons to disperse the protesters at several places. This information has been known from the British media BBC report.
The Parliament of Kyrgyzstan has 120 seats in the Supreme Council. According to the law of the country, seats are distributed among political parties according to the votes received in elections. However, to win a seat in Parliament, a party must receive at least seven percent of the vote.
Kyrgyzstan’s 18 political parties are participating in this year’s parliamentary elections. Of these, only four parties have met the minimum requirements for a seat in Parliament. Three of these parties are again closely associated with President Saronbai Zinbakov. Two of these parties received 25 percent of the vote. International observers say the demand for vote buying and intervention is “credible” and a cause for serious concern.
Kyrgyzstan opposition parties have said that they will not run in the by-election. Opposition candidates have called on the country’s election commission to cancel the results.
“The president promised to honestly inspect the election,” said Riseldi Mombekov, a candidate for about 5,000 protesters. He did not keep his promise. The candidate’s party, Ata McCain, was confident of entering Parliament, but did not get the required minimum votes. Party leader Janar Akaev was injured during the protest. The protesters are now demanding the President’s resignation.
Thomas Bosrap, head of the Organization for Security and Cooperation at Europe’s election observation mission, said in a briefing that although the elections were well organized, vote-buying allegations were a matter of grave concern.
Bishkek, the capital of Police Water Cannon, was used to disperse the crowd gathered in the main square, sound grenades and tear gas. The protesters later spread to various streets of the city. The police also chased him there. Police and protesters were injured from both sides, available. Among the injured was Janar Akayev, one of the leaders of the opposition.
Around 5,000 people staged a peaceful protest throughout the day in Ala-Tu square in Bishkek. However, at 8 pm local time, a small group broke the gate of the Parliament House and tried to enter. The police then campaigned against the protesters. Police officers will not interfere in peaceful protests. However, he said the incident in Parliament House was seen as provocative.
The top two political parties in Kyrgyzstan, Birimadik and Meknim received nearly a quarter of the vote. Asilbek Zinbakov, younger brother of President Saronbai Zinbakov, is in the Birimadik team.
On the other hand, McKenzie is believed to be closely associated with the Kyrgyzstan Party and the country’s powerful Materimov family. One of the most influential members of the family, Ryambek Matraimov, was the target of anti-corruption demonstrations in the country last year. It is believed that Ryambek Matrimov provided financial support for President Saronbay Zinbakov’s election campaign in 2016.